Meldonium is produced in Latvia and its use was monitored by anti-doping organisations last year before it was banned on 1 Jan Meldonium - also known as mildronate - is a drug designed to treat ischemia, a condition where there is a reduction in blood supply to body tissue. It is also said to have benefits for diabetes sufferers. According to Dr Tom Bassindale, a lecturer in forensic science at Sheffield Hallam University, it was developed in Latvia and approved in the early 2000s to treat diabetes and various heart-related diseases. Dr Bassindale says it has the ability to adjust the body's use of energy, stimulating glucose metabolism and also helping to clear fatty build-up in the arteries.
Why would an athlete benefit from it? Media playback is not supported on this device How to make sure you won't fail a drugs test The ability to increase oxygen movement to muscles means meldonium could have a positive effect on stamina and endurance. Dr Bassindale said: There is a slight central nervous system effect, like with stimulants such as caffeine, which gives you a sharper edge. There is also an endurance effect. One supplement website told BBC Sport it had seen a spike in meldonium sales since Sharapova announced her failed test In a word: It is not licensed in the UK, so is therefore illegal to sell there. But it is not illegal to import it from abroad for personal use.
Following Sharapova's announcement, Russian supplements website RUPharma told BBC Sport it is had sold 150 packets of the drug in 24 hours, compared with 850 in the past 12 months. Is it safe? Russia's world champion speed skater Pavel Kulizhnikov has also tested positive for meldonium Assuming the product is what it says on the label, there are no tests that show any serious side effects. A Latvian manufacturer of the product - OlainFarm - says it is possible that some using the drug will suffer "headaches" and "agitation". It is also possible for there to be some skin irritation, though this is "very rare". RUPharma said: The Olympic committee stripped him of his medals and banned him from participation in his sport for 2 years.
In this article, we will look at the origins of meldonium, its possible medical uses, and associated research and news. Fast facts on meldonium A Latvian pharmaceutical company created meldonium. In countries where it is licensed, people mainly use meldonium to treat heart conditions , but it has a range of pharmaceutical uses. It is not licensed for use in the U. What is meldonium? Meldonium has caused controversy due to its involved in sports doping scandals. Meldonium is a drug that enhances athletic performance.
One of the early uses of meldonium was in animals. Agricultural workers used the drug specifically to enhance the sexual performance and sperm motility of boars. Its license was later expanded for use in humans. The pharmaceutical company Grendiks, based in Latvia, produced meldonium. With sales of the drug reaching 56 million euros in 2013, it is one of Latvia's biggest medical exports. According to the designer of the drug, Ivar Kalvins, chair of the scientific board of the Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis, meldonium was created to increase the capacity of the body to carry oxygen.
In sports Meldonium, sold under the brand name Mildronate, is a performance-enhancing drug that is the source of much debate in the world of sports doping. Meldonium is primarily manufactured by a Latvian drug company called Grindeks. Meldonium is not licensed for use in the United States. Meldonium remains on the WADA's list of banned drugs in sports. A number of athletes from the United States, Russia, and Europe are currently facing bans for using meldonium. Most recently, this includes Alexander Krushelnitsky, who won medals in curling for Russia at the most recent Winter Olympics. The Olympic committee stripped him of his medals and banned him from participation in his sport for 2 years.
In this article, we will look at the origins of meldonium, its possible medical uses, and associated research and news. Fast facts on meldonium A Latvian pharmaceutical company created meldonium. Accompanying documentation stated that side effects could include blood pressure changes, irregular heartbeat and skin conditions. German anti-doping expert Mario Thevis, who helped to develop the test for meldonium, told the AP that testing was reliable despite meldonium's recent addition to the WADA banned list. It's a logical consequence," he said. Following Sharapova's drug test failure, Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said he expected more Russian athletes to test positive for meldonium.
That followed another doping positive for Russian ice dancer Ekaterina Bobrova, who is a former Olympic gold medalist and European champion. While meldonium was banned as of Jan. Sharapova said she received an email with information on the changes in December, but did not read the information at the time. A Latvian manufacturer of the product - OlainFarm - says it is possible that some using the drug will suffer "headaches" and "agitation". It is also possible for there to be some skin irritation, though this is "very rare". RUPharma said: But that applies to any product or medicine.
Is it used a lot? Tests have show how meldonium's usage is becoming more popular Last year, as part of Wada's monitoring of meldonium, a testing centre in the German city of Cologne found that 182 of 8,320 random urine samples gave positive results for the drug - a rate of 2. Why is it now banned? Will Sharapova's prove the highest-profile link with meldonium? Or will more athletes test positive? After monitoring the use of meldonium and researching its properties, Wada decided it was a performance-enhancing drug and should therefore be added to the banned list. Will it enhance performance?
Is it detrimental to the health of an athlete?
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Meldonium is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. A list of US medications equivalent to Meldonium is available on the creativebu.com website. Meldonium is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. A list of US medications equivalent to Meldonium is available on the creativebu.com website. How Can I Get Meldonium. But it is a heart drug I don’t need that came with instructions written solely in Latvian. But everyone I talked to, from my anonymous doctor to the friends in my league who got over laughing at me to actually consider the merits (or demerits) of the experiment, all concluded that this was probably a lot of placebo. Meldonium purchase. can i get Meldonium over the counter - Dealing with this online pharmacy gives you a chance to buy prescription medicines like generic medicines and OTC medicines. It increases efficiency, reduces the symptoms of mental and physical stress, enhances stamina. It appears a lot of athletes take meldonium, but what exactly is it, where does it come from, will we be hearing a lot more about it now and how easy is it to get hold of?